Angioplasty is the procedure to open the blocked heart arteries during which the cardiologist inserts a stent inside the artery to open up the blocks
There are several myths about angioplasty that leads to more confusions and therefore a lot of anxiety
Here are some common myths which can lead to
Myth 1: One needs to do complete bed rest after getting discharged from the hospital postangioplasty
Fact: After an elective (non-emergency) angioplasty procedure one can resume all his normal activities in about a week. However, it is important to avoid lifting heavy weight and any other physical activity that involves exertion in the first few weeks. It is highly recommended to walk around. Most patients are able to get up and move only a few hours after the procedure. However, in case of emergency angioplasty after a heart attack one may need several weeks to recover completely.
Myth 2: It is not necessary to take heart medicine if I feel better after the procedure
Fact: If a stent procedure was performed during angioplasty, the doctor will prescribe blood-thinning medication in order to prevent a blood clot from forming within it, therefore it is important to take prescribed medications and regular visit to your physician from. Time to time . In case you stop taking medications, it will increase your risk of developing a blood clot that could block the blood flow and result to another heart attack.
Myth 3: One shouldn’t exercise after angioplasty
Fact: After the procedure, it is important to follow up with your doctor and begin with the exercise routine suggested by him after a few weeks of the procedure. It is very important to consult the doctor before you begin with your exercise regimen.
Infact exercise is easier and better post angioplasty
Myth 4 : Eating a healthy diet is not as important as taking medications and regular walks
Fact : After your angioplasty/stenting, you should focus on eating a healthy diet. This will help your body to heal, reduce your risk of complications and enable you to recover well. A healthy diet will also reduce the risk of plaque building up in your arteries again.
Many studies have shown that a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, wholegrains, nuts and seeds can reduce your risk of heart disease.
A healthy diet provides your body with plenty of heart-protective nutrients – like vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and dietary fibre.
Aim to consume 2 serves of fruit, 5 serves of vegetables and 4 or more serves of wholegrains – depending on your energy needs.
Myth 5: I have no symptoms but still doctor advised me angiography and after that he advices me for angioplasty,
How Is that possible ??
It’s possible to have significant coronary artery disease (CAD) with multiple blockages greater than 70% yet have no symptoms of angina on exertion, especially in people who are sedentary (because they often don’t exert themselves enough to challenge their heart muscle)
It’s a human tendency to avoid discomfort to the body so they don’t overstretch once they feel slight discomfort and fallaciously report as no symptoms
Heart attacks are usually triggered by unstable coronary artery blockages of less than 70% which don’t cause any symptoms. In fact, only 20-30% of heart attacks occur at the site of an artery that’s more than 70% blocked. If you have one blocked artery causing you chest pain and other cardiac symptoms, it is virtually certain that this is merely the tip of the iceberg.
Myth 6: there’s nothing like a minor blocks and every blockages need to be treated by angioplasty
Fact:Angioplasty is not generally recommended for blockages below 70%. There is no proven benefit in implanting a stent in a blockage that does not impair blood flow to the heart muscle. These blockages generally require medications and lifestyle changes to treat successfully. The verdict of your own cardiologist should be taken as final
Myth 7: I shouldn’t exercise after having an angioplasty.
Fact: Your follow-up treatment plan should include a structured exercise.However, be sure to check with your doctor before you start any exercise regimen, especially if you were sedentary before your angioplasty procedure,
Myth 8: stents last for one year only and almost all patients require a bypass later on
Fact : stents are usually there for life and there is 5 to 6% chance of allergic reaction to stand over a period of one year this is called restenosis, if this does not occur which is the case in roughly 95% cases then Stents work well for the whole life if the patient continues to take medications regularly
Myth 9: stents can migrate in the arteries if patient does not rest and coughs violently during first week of implantation
Fact: The air pressure in your fully inflated car tires is about 2 atmospheres. By comparison, the high pressure used to inflate a balloon inside a coronary artery during angioplasty is between 10-20 atmospheres so it snugly fits with the vessel wall and cannot move at all
Angioplasty was started first in early 90s and since then it has come in a big way and 70% of almost all the cases of heart disease are treated by angioplasty is nowadays, also, in India because the stents are taken under essential drugs therefore they have become very 80% cheaper and more and more people are adapting angioplasty as their first choice of treatment for heart disease as the cost of angioplasty is low relatively cheaper than a CABG
With a wind of caution in lifestyle and regular medications angioplasty is a great innovation and serves well in most cases and can be adapted if suggested by your cardiologists